Learnership Management System

Selecting the Student Learning Outcomes

Steps
1. Examine the program/department/college/university mission
2. Determine what graduates of that program should know, what skills they should be able to demonstrate and what professional values should they hold
3. Convert the list of expected outcomes for graduates into a list of general objectives
4. Convert the general objectives into statements of specific learning outcomes (may have more than one for each objective)

Hints
• Describe student performance, not teacher/professor performance
• Describe learning product, not process
• Be specific without simply stating the subject matter to be learned
• Stick to one type of result for each objective (e.g., do not say “Knows the scientific method and applies it effectively”)
• Each learning outcome should start with an action verb that indicates observable and measurable behavior
• Group similar outcomes into one (e.g., “Describes functions of the heart” and “Describes functions of the liver” to “Describes functions of major body organs)

Questions to ask in selecting outcomes
• Is it measurable?
• Is it meaningful?
• Who is the target audience of my outcome?
• Are the objectives written at the appropriate level for this audience (beginning vs. graduating students)
• How will I know if the outcome has been met?
• Will it provide me with evidence that will lead me to make a decision for continuous improvement?